Gum Disease Symptoms to Look For


According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), almost half of American adults have gum disease. Poor dental hygiene habits, stress, hereditary issues, some medications, a compromised immune system, and hormonal fluctuations can all work against you, increasing your odds of developing periodontal disease.

Whether your gums don't look exactly right or they have a funny feeling, you may be wondering if you have gum disease. Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is an infection. And gum disease has specific symptoms that you can watch out for.
Only a trained professional can assess your mouth and diagnose gum disease, so a dentist needs to address any issues you have about potential periodontal disease. But if you're not sure whether you should see the dentist or not, take a look at some of the common red flags that are major gum disease warning signs.


Easy Bleeding


Do your gums bleed easily? If bleeding is a one-time thing that happens after you eat a sharp piece of hard candy or chew on a piece of ice, chances are you have an injury and not periodontal disease. But if you notice consistent bleeding after you eat, brush your teeth, or floss, then you may have more than just an injury.
While brushing too hard or pressing the floss sharply into your gum may cause momentary bleeding, under normal conditions your oral hygiene routine shouldn't cause your gums to bleed. If you spit blood out every time you brush, you switch to a soft-bristled brush and you're still having problems or you moderate the strength used when brushing, gum disease is likely at fault.


Tender Feelings


Does biting into an apple or another hard piece of fruit give you pause? When your gums feel tender, painful or irritated while eating, or even when at rest, you may be experiencing the effects of periodontal disease.
Like other types of infections, gum disease can cause pain and swelling. If light brushing is uncomfortable, eating hurts, or your gums are simply tender to the touch, talk to your dentist about what you're feeling.
Some dental patients may have another reason for sore gums. Other potential causes include over-brushing, injury or allergic reaction. When combined with other red flag symptoms, such as bleeding, gum disease is probably the issue.


Bad Breath


Bad breath is something that no one wants to have. But whether you have a not-so-pleasant taste in your mouth, you can smell your own breath, or others are stepping away when you talk, you should probably do something about your breath.
People can have bad breath for several reasons. One of the main causes is a build-up of bacteria on the teeth and gums. This bacteria not only leads to a rotten odor but also causes periodontal problems.
Constant bad breath may indicate that you have bacteria present or that an infection has started. If you've ruled out other causes, ask your dentist to evaluate the cause. A proper and quick diagnosis can eliminate bad breath and solve your gum disease problem.


Shifting Teeth


Periodontal disease can cause the gum to recede. As it pulls away from the tooth, it causes pockets to form. Bacteria and food debris are easily trapped in the pockets, worsening the disease.
As the pockets deepen and the gums recede, your teeth may start to feel looser or wiggle. If left untreated, gum disease can progress to the point where you start losing teeth. The dentist has treatments for periodontal problems and can correct this issue before teeth start wiggling free.
Do you have any of these gun disease symptoms? If so, Family Dental Practice can help.